WORLD | From Kennedy to Obama | Marvin Olasky | June 27, 2013

WORLD | From Kennedy to Obama | Marvin Olasky | June 27, 2013

Interesting article by Marvin Olasky – Germans are celebrating!.

*********************************************************

From The Greensboro Daily News – Saturday Morning, September 23, 1963

KENNEDY ASSASSINATED; PRO-RED QUESTIONED.  Lyndon Johnson Sworn In As New President

*********************************************************From Kimberly Koerber-Bauer-Koerber

Crooks got on the police/intelligence internet and traced this time period back to when I was a very young kid  – about 5 years old and my grandparents lived at 405 Rochelle Street, Knoxville, Pennsylvania.  I lived there on the day President Kennedy was assassinated! Blacks stormed that area also at the time, and made the neighborhood into a black neighborhood to the point of people putting bars up on their basement windows to prevent hostile break-ins.

*********************************************************

Kennedy Versus Obama

The Assassination of

President John F. Kennedy, 1963

Air Force One touched down at Dallas’s Love Field at about 11:30 on the morning of November 22, 1963. On board was President John F. Kennedy who was beginning the first day of a planned two-day trip to Texas. Within minutes, the president and his wife Jackie took their places in the rear seat of the presidential limousine and joined a motorcade that would escort America’s leader to his death.

The young president had been in office less than three years. The highlight of his tenure had occurred in October a year earlier when nuclear war had been averted by the diffusion of a confrontation with the Soviet Union over their deployment of missiles in Cuba.

President Kennedy and Jackie arrive
in Dallas, 11:25 AM 11/22/63
Click picture to see
the assassination site

His trip to Texas was a political one – an attempt to mollify a factious division within the Texas Democratic Party that might threaten his run for re-election the following year. Accompanying the president in his open limousine was the Democratic Governor of Texas, John Connally, and his wife Nellie. Vice President Lyndon Johnson and his wife Lady Bird rode in a following limousine accompanied by Texas Democratic Senator Ralph Yarborough.

The motorcade (led by Dallas police, interspersed with Secret Service cars and followed by press cars) slowly made its way through the streets of Dallas to the accompaniment of cheering crowds that filled the sidewalks. By 12:30 it was approaching its end as it slowed to make a sharp left-hand turn in front of the Texas School Book Depository Building. Suddenly the festive atmosphere was shattered by the sound of three shots and immediately replaced with horror and chaos.

As spectators ran or fell to the ground in self-protection, the motorcade accelerated to top speed and raced to near-by Parkland Hospital. The president was dead, Governor Connally wounded.

The president’s assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, fled the scene. About forty-five minutes later, Oswald was confronted by a police officer on a Dallas street. Oswald shot and killed the officer and then ran into a near-by movie theater where he was captured. Two days later, Oswald himself became the victim of an assassin’s bullet as he was being escorted from police headquarters to the Dallas County Jail.

“Suddenly there was a sharp, loud report – a shot.”

Lady Bird Johnson made a tape recording of her recollections of the president’s assassination two or three days after the event. We join her story as the motorcade leaves the airport:

ADVERTISMENT

“It all began so beautifully. After a drizzle in the morning, the sun came out bright and beautiful. We were going into Dallas. In the lead car, President and Mrs. Kennedy, John and Nellie, and then a Secret Service car full of men, and then our car – Lyndon and me and Senator Yarborough.

The streets were lined with people.- lots and lots of people – the children were all smiling, placards, confetti, people waving from windows. One last happy moment I had was looking up and seeing Mary Griffith leaning out of a window and waving at me.

Then, almost at the edge of town, on our way to the Trade Mart where we were going to have the luncheon, we were rounding a curve, going down a hill and suddenly there was a sharp, loud report – a shot.

It seemed to me to come from the right above my shoulder from a building. Then a moment and then two more shots in rapid succession. There had been such a gala air that I thought it must be firecrackers or some kind of celebration.

Then the lead car, the Secret Service men were suddenly down. I heard over the radio system ‘Let’s get out of here, ‘ and our man who was with us, Ruf Youngblood, I believe it was, vaulted over the front seat on top of Lyndon, threw him to the floor and said, ‘Get down.’ Senator Yarborough and I ducked our heads.

The car accelerated terrifically fast – faster and faster. Then suddenly they put on the brakes so hard I wondered if we were going to make it as we wheeled left and went around the corner. We pulled up to a building. I looked up and saw it said ‘Hospital.’ Only then did I believe that this might be what it was. Yarborough kept saying in an excited voice, ‘Have they shot the President?’ I said something like, ‘No, it can’t be.’


Lyndon Johnson is sworn in as
president aboard Air Force One
Jackie Kennedy stands at his side
3:38 PM 11/22/63

As we ground to a halt – we were still in the third car – Secret Service men began to pull, lead, guide and hustle us out. I cast one last look over my shoulder and saw, in the President’s car, a bundle of pink just like a drift of blossoms, lying on the back seat. I think it was Mrs. Kennedy lying over the President’s body.

They led us to the right, the left and onward into a quiet room in the hospital – – a very small room. It was lined with white sheets, I believe.

People came and went – Kenny O’Donnell, Congressman Thornberry, Congressman Jack Brooks. Always there was Ruf right there, Emory Roberts, Jerry Kivett, Lem Johns and Woody Taylor. There was talk about where we would go – back to Washington, to the plane, to our house. People spoke of how wide-spread this may be. Through it all, Lyndon was remarkably calm and quiet. Every face that came in, you searched for the answers you must know. I think the face I kept seeing it on was the face of Kenny O’Donnell who loved him so much.

It was Lyndon, as usual, who thought of it first. Although I wasn’t going to leave without doing it. He said, ‘You had better try to see if you can see Jackie and Nellie.’ We didn’t know what had happened to John. I asked the Secret Service men if I could be taken to them. They began to lead me up one corridor, back stairs and down another. Suddenly I found myself face to face with Jackie in a small hall. I think it was right outside the operating room. You always think of her – or someone like her, as being insulated, protected – she was quite alone.I don’t think I ever saw anyone so much alone in my life.

I went up to her, put my arms around her and said something to her. I’m sure it was something like, ‘God, help us all,’ because my feelings for her were too tumultuous to put into words.

And then I went to see Nellie. There it was different, because Nellie and I have been through so many things together since 1938. I hugged her tight and we both cried and I said, ‘Nellie, its going to be all right.‘ And Nellie said, ‘Yes, John’s going to be alright.’ Among her many other qualities, she is also tough.”

References:
Lady Bird Johnson’s remembrance of the assassination is located in the National Archives, NLLBJ-D2440-7a; Manchester, William, The Death of a President (1967); United States Warren Commission, Report of the President’s Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy (1964).

How To Cite This Article:
“The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, 1963” EyeWitness to History, http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2007).

 

 

The History Place John F. Kennedy Photo History

Part Four: The President

Presidential Seal

John Fitzgerald Kennedy takes the oath of office and becomes the 35th President of the United States of America, January 20, 1961. At age 43, he is the youngest man and the first Roman Catholic ever elected, winning by one of the smallest margins of victory, only 115,000 popular votes. Lyndon B. Johnson, 51, is his Vice President.

Left – The new President’s motorcade on Pennsylvania Avenue during the inaugural parade. Right – An aerial view of the Kennedy White House.

The President and First Lady, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, arrive at one of numerous inaugural balls held in their honor. The festivities will last until nearly 4 a.m. the next day. Just before 9 a.m., after a few hours sleep, the President arrives at the Oval Office for his first day as chief executive.

First Day in Office. Left – The swearing-in of the Kennedy cabinet, featuring the controversial appointment of the President’s younger brother Robert as U.S. Attorney General. Right – A group portrait of the extended Kennedy family along with Lyndon and Ladybird Johnson.

Just five days after taking office, the President holds his first news conference, televised live from the State Department auditorium. His easy-going style and quick wit instantly endear him to many reporters and to the American people watching at home.

From the beginning and throughout his presidency, international tensions and political conflicts are a major preoccupation. Left – His first meeting with Soviet Foreign Affairs minister, Andrei Gromyko. Mid – During a news conference discussing the problems of Laos in Southeast Asia, the President states, “The security of all Southeast Asia will be endangered if Laos loses its neutral independence.” He orders more military aid including U.S. armed forces to the area. Right – Addressing the NATO chiefs of staff at the State Department he pledges a strengthening of conventional forces and an effective nuclear capability.

Following the Bay of Pigs debacle, a private conversation between President Kennedy and former President Eisenhower at Camp David, Maryland. April 22, 1961.

Bay of Pigs refers to the attempt made by over 1200 anti-Castro Cuban rebels to land on the southern coast of Cuba and overthrow the regime of Fidel Castro, April 17, 1961. Although trained and backed by the U.S. government, the invasion failed as the rebels were attacked by Cuban military forces and received no support from the U.S. military or anti-Castro people in Cuba. As a result, they were quickly defeated and put in prison, causing a major embarrassment to the Kennedy White House. At a press meeting on April 20th, the President deflected much of the criticism by commenting on some of the lessons he learned from the failed mission, saying “the forces of Communism are not to be underestimated.”

Shortly after this, in early June, the President traveled to Vienna, Austria, where he met with Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev for the first time. During two days of meetings, Khruschev sized-up the young President and underestimated his resolve, resulting later in the October Missile Crisis of 1962.

The Space Race. Left – The President, First Lady and Vice President watch Alan Shepard on television become the first U.S. astronaut by making a 15-minute suborbital flight, May 5, 1961. Following the later launch into orbit of John Glenn, the President visited Cape Canaveral in Florida and presented Glenn with NASA’s Distinguished Service Medal. Right – Astronaut Glenn shows the President the space capsule in which he traveled into orbit and circled the earth three times.

In September 1962 the President delivered a speech at Rice University in which he pledged the U.S. would put a man on the moon “before the end of this decade.” Seven years later, July 1969, Astronaut Neil Armstrong set foot on the moon.

At the request of his brother Robert, standing behind him, the President signs three tough new anti-crime bills targeting organized crime. The bills prohibit telephone betting, interstate transportation for purposes of racketeering and commercial transportation of betting equipment.

Winter of 1962. After a light snowfall, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy treats John Jr. to a sled ride on the White House lawn.

Left – The President meets with eager young Peace Corps volunteers before they depart for Africa. Shortly after taking office, the President created the Peace Corps hoping to inspire young Americans to serve overseas in developing countries. Right – Cashing in on his popularity, the President makes a speech during an autumn campaign swing through several states to help Democrats in local 1962 elections.

Scenes from Camelot. Left – Renowned Spanish cellist Pablo Casals performs at the White House. Mid – During a formal White House dinner, an enchanted guest chats with the President and First Lady, who are now widely considered the most glamorous couple in the world. Right – Entertainer Danny Kaye chats with the President in the Oval Office while Judy Garland leans against the president’s desk.

Left – Rose Kennedy and her son at the first awards ceremony for the Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. Foundation, which helps children in need. Mid – A very relaxed First Family at Hyannis Port in the summer of 1962. This picture was one of Jacqueline’s favorites. Right – Fun in the Oval Office as the President encourages young Caroline and little John Jr. to dance.

October Missile Crisis. Left – After reviewing aerial photos indicating the placement of Russian missiles in Cuba, the President speaks to the nation on TV, October 22, 1962, and reports “unmistakable evidence…of offensive missile sites now in preparation…to provide a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere…It shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba…as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response upon the Soviet Union.” Mid – The President with his chief adviser, his brother Robert. Right – On October 23rd, the President signs a proclamation prohibiting shipments of missiles and other weapons to Cuba, and authorizing the U.S. military to intercept and search any ships heading toward Cuba. The whole world then waits to see what will happen. Days later, the Russians back down and agree to remove the missiles from Cuba if the U.S. will lift its naval blockade and guarantee no U.S. invasion of Cuba.

Amid the tremendous tension of international affairs, family life goes on at the White House. Left – The arrival of family and guests for Caroline’s 5th birthday party. Right – The First Family including Caroline who is all dressed up for her birthday.

Civil Rights. Another preoccupation of the Kennedy White House is the struggle of African-Americans for equal treatment. On June 11, 1963, the President orders Alabama Governor George Wallace to cease and desist from obstructing black students from attending the University of Alabama. Left – That night, the President delivers a major televised address on civil rights. “It ought to be possible…for every American to enjoy the privileges of being American without regard to his race or color.” Right – In August, leaders of the March on Washington, including Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Roy Wilkins, meet to discuss civil rights.

Europe 1963. Left – At the Berlin Wall, the President looks across at a guard from communist East Germany. Mid – In Berlin, the President speaks to the enormous crowd of Germans, telling them, “All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words ‘Ich bin ein Berliner.’ (I am a Berliner).” From Germany, the President travels to Ireland for a three-day visit. Right – A group of Irish women thrilled to greet the Irish-American President.

Summer of 1963. Left – Caroline and her father enjoy the sea breeze at Hyannis Port during a boat ride. Mid – The President exits a candy store with John Jr. while carrying his toy animal. Right – President Kennedy bids farewell to family patriarch, Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. before boarding the helicopter to return to Washington.

The First Lady seen a few weeks after the death of her newborn son, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, who died on August 9, 1963, just 39 hours after his birth. Born five weeks premature, the newborn died from resulting complications.

Left – The President speaking in Las Vegas during a five-day trip to Western U.S. states to encourage conservation of natural resources. September 28, 1963. Mid – A Halloween visit in the Oval Office from Caroline and John Jr. Right – On the south balcony of the White House, the President and his family enjoy a British bagpipe performance along with the ambassador of Great Britain. November 13, 1963.

Dallas. Arrival of the President and First Lady at Love Field, November 22, 1963. The presidential motorcade then leaves for a 45-minute trip downtown where the President is scheduled to speak to a meeting of the Citizens Council. The President and First Lady ride in an open-top limousine accompanied by Texas Governor John B. Connally and his wife. At 12:30 p.m. on Elm Street in downtown Texas the motorcade slowly approaches a triple underpass. Shots ring out. The President is struck in the back, then in the head and is mortally wounded. Gov. Connally is also struck.

At Parkland Memorial Hospital, the president’s limo remains outside the emergency room where some fifteen doctors try in vain to save him. At 1 p.m. John Fitzgerald Kennedy is pronounced dead.

Left – At 2:38 p.m. on board Air Force One, Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States while Jacqueline Kennedy observes. Air Force One then takes off with the body of the slain president aboard. Mid – Arrival at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, of the body of John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Right – President Johnson briefly addresses the nation from the Air Force Base, saying “I ask for your help and God’s.”

Left – The immediate family including Jacqueline, Caroline, John Jr., and Robert, view the closed casket in the East Room of the White House. Mid – The casket leaves the White House, taken to the Capitol building for public viewing. Right – The family leaves St. Mathews Cathedral after the funeral mass. The body is then taken to Arlington National Cemetery for burial.

The Oval Office of President Kennedy, now vacant and silent.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: